Woodworking artist, Jamie Kuhl, discusses the influence of the De Stijl and Bauhaus art movements on his work.
De Stijl is Dutch for “The Style”, and was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917 in Amsterdam.
Proponents of De Stijl advocated pure abstraction and universality by a reduction to the essentials of form and color; they simplified visual compositions to vertical and horizontal, using only black, white and primary colors.
De Stijl is also the name of a journal that was published by the Dutch painter, designer, writer, and critic Theo van Doesburg (1883–1931) that served to propagate the group’s theories.
Next to van Doesburg, the group’s principal members were the painters Piet Mondrian, Vilmos Huszár, and Bart van der Leck, and the architects Gerrit Rietveld, Robert van ‘t Hoff, and J. J. P. Oud.
The artistic philosophy that formed a basis for the group’s work is known as neoplasticism—the new plastic art.
Established in Germany, the Bauhaus was founded with the idea of creating a “total” work of art in which all arts, including architecture, would eventually be brought together. The Bauhaus had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design, and typography. Changes of venue and leadership resulted in a constant shifting of focus, technique, instructors, and politics.
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